DMAIC – 5 Basic Phases of Six Sigma Training

There are many processes involved in six sigma training. Some of them are basic features and some are advanced. Here, in this article, I am going to share a basic feature of the training DMAIC – Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control.

Before we start discussing the procedure let’s have a look at the preliminary options. Before starting any improvement process, one has to check the prospect of that project; whether it is going to improve his or her career or not.

Characteristics of a good project for improvement

  • A definite problem within the process
  • The process must have revenue increasing potential as well as must have the efficiency to reduce the cost for improved efficiency
  • Must have sufficient data

DMAIC Process


As the name suggests, it is the project defining phase. In this phase, you will select the project that need to be fixed. It is the first step of DMAIC. During this phase, the project leaders develop a Project Charter, produce an advanced outlook of the process, and start to comprehend the requirements of the customers. It is a critical phase because in this phase the real problem is identified and failing to do this properly will make numerous hazards in the later phases.


The performance of the project is measured in this phase. Measurement is critical all along the life of a project and since the team emphases on data collection they have two things to take into account: marking the initial point or baseline of the process and searching for evidence to know the origin of the process. Data collection, which is the main part of this phase, is time-consuming and putting an effort in this phase is a must for a better solution.


Analysis of the collected data is done in this phase. It is often tangled with the Measure Phase. The team involved in Measure phase has to consult with the analysis team, because the team of analysis phase reviews the collected data and they may choose to alter some of the data collection plan to contain additional statistics. The process continues as the team verifies the collected data and narrows the root causes of the problem and determine the process involving more costs.


It is the phase doing most of the improvement. In this phase, the team finds the solution of the problem analyzes them and applied them to the process. The first part of this phase is understanding the problem and developing a feasible solution. The next part is to apply it successfully to the project.


This phase develops the way to endure the newly achieved improvement. One may term it as a miniature form of project management.

DMAIC is a management system that results in a steady stream of projects that are ready to be improved. It is obvious that a process which is ready for improvement contained hurdles. However, it is the well-organized six sigma training process that will solve that hurdles and will move the project along the way of betterment. Once the project is defined, you may use DMAIC for further polishing the projects and transport computable and justifiable outcomes.

I Want to Work at Home

I have now achieved my dream of working at home, I wanted to run a business from home for many years. When the children were young I spent 15 years self-employed, working as a sales agent and loved it. I always wanted to return again to that status. I loved the freedom, being autonomous, no boss, the decisions were mine, good and bad.

We survived and had a pretty good lifestyle, our own house, car, holidays and the usual trappings of family life; especially satisfying considering I was a single parent.

Once again many years later I am again working at home and I would like to introduce you to the lifestyle and how you can make this happen too.

Have you ever considered an online business, basically needing only a laptop and an internet connection? That wasn’t what I did years ago but with the technology nowadays it can be an excellent choice. You don’t need to have great computer skills, just the willingness to learn and your capabilities will develop. You will need commitment and determination to succeed and a bit of patience.

If you choose affiliate marketing, probably the simplest form of online marketing you can do as much or as little of the work involved as you wish. In the simplest form you find a successful mentor who offers excellent training and support and takes care of virtually all the necessary work; the professionally written sales pages, delivery, customer service and payments also sometimes providing instruction videos and manuals,. Your role is simply to direct traffic, (customers) to the sales pages in return for payment, there may be full instructions provided to do this, depending on your mentor. However lots of traffic techniques can be found on the internet.

Of course it takes time to set up a business, follow instructions, develop the necessary computer skills and techniques and start making an income. It doesn’t happen overnight but it is quicker and a lot cheaper than building a conventional business with premises, staff etc.

I would recommend starting whilst you have paid employment as like any business you will have expenses and a learning period. However the challenges and thrill of watching a business you have created from nothing grow and flourish is tremendous. Begin as a hobby business and enjoy the journey; save yourself the stress of needing to earn immediately. In time you can develop your business to the size that suits your time commitment and is right for you.

Best wishes for your new exciting venture.

Do Kids Need A GPS For Safe Cyber-Navigation?

Are you like me? Are you a little confused by all our cyber wars? The rules keep changing as technology keeps evolving. Sometimes it’s really hard to keep up with the firewalls, the viruses and all the new software popping up at every internet search. Hey, an entire multi-million dollar film studio just got hacked! Wouldn’t you think that they’d know how to protect themselves from all kinds of cyber predators?

Sometimes I really wish I had a GPS button that I can push just to be sure that I’m visiting ‘a really trusted site,’ that would alert me and prevent a virus from embedding into my computer after signing off. Trust me, I do have all the anti-virus protection software installed. Additionally, I bought recently a, ‘scanning,’ software and it keeps finding junk files! And, I keep deleting them. Scary, right? How can there be so many junk files found in so little time? Well, yes I’m becoming a little paranoid. And, if I am, I can imagine the dilemma that parents are facing! I bet they’d love a GPS button too to vet all the content on-line before they allow their kids to view even the kid-friendly sites. So, is there 100% kid-friendly content out there? Sadly, I have to say no.

Last year, I reluctantly signed on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and Google! I had been ignoring the writing on the wall! But, technology is here to stay and whether we like it or not, it takes up a prominent space in our lives. That’s why I had to revisit my reluctance to be on social media when I decided to be an author. Trust me, you are expected to have a presence if you want your books to be noticed. And, with the internet and a sea of traditionally published and self-publishing authors, the arena has gotten so congested and so competitive.

Here are a few things that surprised me-or not-on my electronic navigation:

*Don’t judge a site by its name: Parental, conservative, religious and family type sites are not all 100% kid-safe. Sometimes they hire interns or professional content developers to build their social media presence and increase their followers. I was assuming all their content was vetted just because of who they are and their standards but I was wrong. I was shocked to find myself, on few occasions, bombarded by erotic & graphic photos. Originally, I started deleting or blocking some of these companies and then I realized after speaking to a few that they had hired out their social media maintenance. I made peace with that. Their motto hasn’t changed but the sourcing did. Some of the educational content still interested me. This brings me to this point. Even though you’ve set family computer screen time and blocked profane type content, ensure that the followers on all kid friendly feeds are clean too.

*Don’t assume that a published children’s book is a good book: I am always happy to connect with fellow authors who share my mission of instilling tolerance and an open minded outlook. But I also read their manuscripts. The internet is a double edged sword. It avails information and opportunity to all at the speed of light, a great positive. But, in the case of publishing, many release books without input from editors and other professionals, which I think most often is a big negative. So, I would really check them out first before introducing them to kids. I sometimes have to even check the source of stellar reviews and recommendations.

*Embracing our digital life with prejudice. The prevalence of electronic media in our day-to-day lives can be confusing and challenging for families. It was to me! Even though at times I wished for a GPS to zero in on the exact content I wanted, I still liked the access, rapidity and availability. Do you remember what it was like before Google? It’s now so embedded in my life that I really can’t remember what it was like not to have it as a tool. But not all that is written and Googled is truth! Finding it online doesn’t mean it’s a fact. Despite this limitation the internet remains a great learning tool. There are so many free kid friendly downloads from games to coloring books that can translate into educational activities for many age groups. It was so cool to observe my 2 year old nephew watch a spooling video of a Chou-Chou train arriving at the station while his dad explained a few technical things. It went on and on! And, he enjoyed it and got sleepy.

*Did technology change publishing and news? I’m happy to report that the basic rules remain the same. Content still needs to be vetted to be really credible. People writing, reporting, publishing are still held to a high standard. The internet and especially social media can rapidly annihilate a fake story and the storyteller. Most recent example is the tarnishing of Brian Williams ‘image, once branded as ‘the most trusted man in news.’

Did the internet affect publicity? The fastest way to get publicity is still to draft a press release and send it to the media. The way to draft it is still the same, being focused and to the point with an audience ‘hook’. Media outlets have changed a bit with all the electronic links. But being brief, prepared and engaging is still the best way to go about it. And, when it comes to publishing, the way we hear about books might be different but the way an author gets noticed is still the same. Traditional publishing is still followed in quality eBook publishing too. And, yes not all eBooks are created equal. Even if a children’s book author is contemplating self-publishing, story-telling structures need to be followed and professional editors and graphic artists need to be consulted.

Ultimately, I think the electronic age is a good thing. It should be embraced and valued for its contribution to our lives. Many aspects of it still need to be guided by parents. But as a whole its benefits outweigh the negatives. I for one will be navigating through it, making mistakes, learning and sharing my journey.

Randa Handler is an international journalist, publicist, and publisher. In top 5% social media engagement especially in publishing and education. In 2003, Handler’s publishing company successfully launched an educational series of children’s books that are used as ‘lesson plans’ by elementary school teachers. She has written and illustrated five children’s books to instill a love of diversity.